The Dominican Republic, a country of the West Indies that occupies the eastern two-thirds of Hispaniola, is the second-largest island of the Greater Antilles chain in the Caribbean Sea. Haiti, also an independent republic, occupies the western third of the island the Dominican Republic’s shores are washed by the Caribbean to the south and the Atlantic Ocean to the north. between the eastern tip of the island and Puerto Rico flows the Mona Passage, a channel about 80 miles (130 km) wide. The Turks and Caicos Islands are located some 90 miles (145 km) to the north, and Colombia lies about 300 miles (500 km) to the south. The republic’s area, which includes such adjacent islands as Saona, Beata, and Catalina, is about half the size of Portugal. The national capital is Santo Domingo, on the southern coast. South shore of Lake Enriquillo with the Sierra de Neiba, Dominican Republic.


The Dominican Republic has much in common with the countries of Latin America (with which it is often grouped), and some writers have referred to the country as a microcosm of that region. Dominicans have experienced political and civil disorder, ethnic tensions, export-oriented booms and busts, and long periods of military rule, including a Haitian occupation (1822–44), the oppressive dictatorship of Rafael Trujillo (1930–61), and military interventions by the United States (1916–24 and 1965–66). However, the nation’s troubles have paled in comparison with those of neighboring Haiti. The two countries have long been strategic because of their proximity to the United States and their positions on major sea routes leading to the Caribbean and the Panama Canal.

The currency of the Dominical Republic

The DOP is an acronym for the foreign exchange (FX) of the Dominican currency, the official currency of the Dominican Republic. The Central Bank of the Dominican Republic withdraws and controls the currency, represented by a token, $, or RD $ area.

One Dominican peso is made up of 100 cents and reaches 50, 100, 200, 500, 1000, and 2000 banks; and coins worth 1, 5, 10, and 25 pesos. As of March 2021, 1 DOP costs about the US 0.017 Peso Dominicano (English: Dominican peso) has been the name of the currency of the Dominican Republic (Spanish: República Dominicana) since 2011. Its symbol is “$”, with “RD$” used when distinction from other pesos (or dollars) is required; its ISO 4217 code is “DOP”. Each peso is divided into 100 centavos (“cents”), for which the ¢ symbol is used. With exception of the United States dollar, it is the only currency that is legal tender in the Dominican Republic for all monetary transactions, whether public or private. before 2011, the peso or was the official name of the currency of the Dominican Republic.

Continent of Dominical Republic

The Dominican Republic

North America Continent

The Dominican Republic (/dəˈmɪnɪkən/ də-MIN-ik-ən; Spanish: Repubblica Dominicana, pronounced [reˈpuβlika ominiˈkana] (about.) It occupies the eastern fifth–eighth of the island it shares with Haiti, [13] Hilo []] The Dominican Republic is the second-largest in the Antilles with an area of ​​48,671 square kilometers (18,792 sq mi) (after Cuba), making the Caribbean one of the islands with Saint Martin shared by the two sovereign states. The country is large. And a population of about 10.8 million (approximately 20203). Millions live in the metropolitan area of ​​the capital, Santo Domingo. Spanish is the official language of the country.

The original Dano people lived in Hispaniola before the arrival of Europeans, who divided it into five groves. They developed an advanced farming and hunting community and were becoming an organized civilization. Danos also settled in Cuba, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, and the Bahamas. Christopher Columbus of the Genoese Navy sailed to the island of Castile on his first voyage in 1492 and claimed ownership of Spanish Colonial Rule in the New World. Danos has almost disappeared from infectious diseases in Europe where there is no immunity. Other causes include abuse, suicide, family breakdown, famine, the Encominda system, Similar to the feudal system in medieval Europe, wars with the Spaniards, lifestyle changes, and other peoples. mingling is involved Laws passed to protect Indians (beginning with the Burgos Act, 1512–1513)  were never implemented.

In 1697, Spain recognized French sovereignty over the western third of the island, becoming the independent state of Haiti in 1804. The leader of the independence movement, José Nice de Cicero, wanted to annex the Dominican nation to Gran Colombia, but the newly independent Dominicans were forced to annex Haiti in February 1822. Independence came 22 years later in 1844,  followed by victory in the Dominican War of Independence. Over the next 72 years, the Dominican Republic experienced most of the civil wars (financed by loans from European merchants), with several unsuccessful invasions of its neighbor Haiti and little return to Spanish colonial status. The Spaniards were permanently expelled during the Dominican War. 1863-1865. Two presidents were assassinated during this period (Ulysses Heroux in 1899 and Raman Caesar in 1911).

The United States annexed the Dominican Republic (1916–1924) because of irreparable threats of foreign debt; Six years of peace and prosperity continued under Horacio Vasquez. The dictatorship of Rafael Leonidas Trujillo ruled from 1930 until his assassination in 1961. and 1986-1996). Since 1978, the Dominican Republic has moved towards representative democracy and most of 1996 under the leadership of Lionel Fernandez. Danilo Medina defeated Fernandes in 2012 and won 51% of the vote. to his rival, the former president. Hipolito Magia. He was followed by Louis Abinader in the 2020 presidential election.

The Dominican Republic has the largest economy in the Caribbean and Central America (according to the US State Department and the World Bank) and the seventh-largest economy in Latin America. Over the past 25 years, the Dominican Republic has had the fastest growing economy in the Western Hemisphere – with an average real GDP growth rate of 5.3% between 1992 and 2018. GDP growth in the Western Hemisphere increased to 7.3 and 7.0% in 2014 and 2015, respectively. In the first half of 2016, the Dominican economy grew by 7.4% and continued its rapid economic growth. Current development is driven by construction, construction, tourism, and mining. The country is home to the world’s second-largest gold mine, the Pueblo Viejo Mine. Private consumption remains strong as a result of low inflation (average below 1% in 2015), job creation, and higher remittances.

The Dominican Republic is one of the most popular travel destinations in the Caribbean. Golf courses are important throughout the year. A geographically diverse country, the Dominican Republic has both the highest peak in the Caribbean, Pico Duarte, and the largest lake in the Caribbean, and Enriqueville, the lowest point. The island has an average temperature of 26 °C (78.8 °F) and excellent climate and biological diversity. It is the site of the first cathedral, palace, monastery, and palace built in the United States, located in the colonial area of ​​the World Heritage Site of Santo Domingo. Baseball is a truly national sport. 

The Dominican Republic is considered part of the North American continent and is one of the most visited countries in the Caribbean. Golf courses, sandy beaches, and tropical beaches are popular and popular destinations. This country is also known as Espaola on the Caribbean island of Hispaniola. The country is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the Caribbean Sea, Haiti, and the Mona Passage. The Dominican Republic is twice the size of the state of New Hampshire in the United States.

geographical situation

The country covers two-thirds of the entire island of Hispaniola and is the second-largest country in the Caribbean after Cuba. Part of the territory of the republic includes the islands of Catalina, Beta, Savona, Catalina, and Aldo Velo, located in the Caribbean Sea. In the Atlantic Ocean, many islands and islets are belonging to the Dominican Republic. The Atlantic Ocean forms the country’s northern border, while the Caribbean Sea lies to its south. The country shares a western border with Haiti. The Mona Pass separates the Dominican Republic from Puerto Rico for about 237 miles.

size of Dominican republic

The total area of ​​the Dominican Republic, including the coastal islands, is approximately 18,815 square miles. The country has a maximum length of 240 miles measured from east to west and a maximum width of 162 miles from north to south. The total length of the Dominican Republic’s border is 890 miles, of which 696 miles cover the Atlantic and Caribbean coasts. Of the coastal islands, Beta in the southwest and Savona in the southeast is the largest.

Material Features

The landscape of the Dominican Republic offers a variety of relaxing amenities. The interior of the island is mountainous, and the country has the highest Pico Duarte in the Caribbean at 10,164 feet and is part of the Cordillera Central. Four major rivers leave the main mountains of the country, and the most important rivers in the country are the Yak del Norde, Una, Yak del Sur, and Artiponido, the longest river on the island of Hispaniola. towards West. in Haiti. Enrique is the largest lake in the Caribbean and the island’s lowest lake. The lake is fed by several small river systems that come from the Napa Mountains.

Population and Population

The Dominican Republic is the third most popular country in the Caribbean. The population of the country is estimated at 10.65 million according to the 2016 census. The capital city of Santo Domingo, on the southern coast, has a population of at least 2,907,100 It is the most popular city in the country and the largest in the Caribbean in terms of population. Santiago de los Caballeros is the second largest in the country and the fourth largest in the Caribbean. The Dominican Republic derives significant economic benefits from its geographical location in the Caribbean. The vast coastline, climate, fertile land, and deep ports make the Dominican Republic the powerhouse of the Caribbean economy.

The president of Dominical republic

The Dominican Republic

The President of the Dominican Republic (Spanish: Presidente de la Repubblica Dominicana) is the head of state and government of the Dominican Republic. The presidential organization was established in 1844, following the proclamation of the republic during the Dominican War of Independence. The President of the Dominican Republic, Hon. Called the President. His official residence is the National Palace.

Section CXXVIII of the Constitution instructs the President on the “honest enforcement of Dominican law” and appoints him Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces, the National Police, and all State Security Forces. It has the power to appoint ministers, provide public security, ensure national security and ensure the collection of national income and honest investment. The constitution gives it the power to appoint the head of state’s foreign policy and to appoint diplomatic representatives on the recommendation and approval of the Dominican Republic Senate.

The President is elected by popular vote for a four-year term The Constitution of the Dominican Republic, 1966, with its amendment, does not allow any person to be elected to the presidency more than twice. In the event of the death, dismissal, or resignation of the President, the Vice President assumes responsibility as President. Without both, the executive branch can form an interim government or transfer control of the government to the legislative branch.

54 people were sitting in the office. The first president, Pedro Santana, was invested by the decision of the Federal Junta on 14 November 1844. The current leader of the Dominican Republic is Louis Abinedar of the Modern Revolutionary Party, who won the 2005 general election in the Dominican Republic and took office from Danilo Medina on August 16, 2020.

Beginning in the first decade of the 21st century, the Dominican president has played a prominent role in the global arena, strengthening diplomatic relations around the world and serving as a mediator in the conflicts surrounding the 2009 Honduran Conspiracy and others. Until the Arab-Israeli conflict.

Medina Arroyo is the eldest of eight children born to a family in the city of Cano. After fifth grade, he lived with an uncle in San Juan de la Maguana so that he could continue his education. He studied chemical engineering at the Autonomous University of Santo Domingo. As a student, he was active in politics, helping his political advisor Juan Bosch in 1973, founding the Dominican Revolutionary Party (Partido Revolucionario Dominicano; PRD), and serving minimally as Dominican president. Republicans, to launch another new party, the Dominican Liberation Party (Bandito de la Liberation Dominicana; PLD). He graduated from Medina Santo Domingo Institute of Technology in 1984 with a degree in economics.

He was first elected to the National Congress in 1986 and was re-elected in 1990 and 1994. He served as the president of the organization in 1994–95. He left Congress in 1996 and became a fellow PLD member-in-chief of the Presidency. Lionel Fernandez Raina (1996-2000). Medina was the party’s presidential candidate in 2000 but lost to Hiblido Mejia of the PRD. When Fernandez became president again in 2004, Medina again served as his chief executive (2004–06). However, relations between the two, when President Medina’s ambitions clashed with Fernández’s desire to run in the 2008 election (which he did successfully). Medina was again the PLD’s presidential candidate after Fernandez was illegally banned for a third consecutive term in 2012. Margarita Cedeno de Fernández, the wife of his colleague Fernández, had earlier called for the appointment of party leader in the campaign. In the first round of the presidential election on 20 May 2012, Medina completed the remaining six candidate fields—including his longtime rival Majia—but he received more than half the vote (51 percent) to eliminate the need for a by-election and his To fulfill his long-standing desire to become the President of the country.


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