This Article Is All About Dark Continent Africa

The most common answer to the question, “Why was Africa called the Black Continent?” is that Europe did not know much about Africa until the 19th century. But that answer is misleading and deceptive. Europeans knew a lot about Africa for at least 2,000 years, but European leaders deliberately ignored previous sources of information in order to justify colonialism and fight against Blackness.

At the same time, the anti-slavery campaign and the missionary work of the fathers in Africa strengthened the European racist views of the African people in the 1800s. Whites called Africa a black continent because they wanted to legitimize black slavery and the exploitation of African resources.

It is true that by the 19th century, Europeans had little knowledge of Africa beyond the coast, but their maps were already full of continental details. African powers have been trading in the Middle East and Asia for more than two thousand years. Initially, Europeans drew maps and reports created by ancient traders and explorers such as the famous Moroccan traveler Ibn Battuta, who crossed the Sahara and the North-East coast of Africa in the 1300s.

During the Enlightenment, however, Europeans developed new standards and tools for mapping, and since they were not sure where the lakes, mountains, and cities of Africa were, they began to erase them from popular maps. Many scholarly maps still have more details, but thanks to these new standards, European explorers — Burton, Livingstone, Speke, and Stanley — are said to have (recently) discovered the African mountains, rivers, and empires that African peoples were traveling to. he guided them.

The maps created by these explorers add to the familiar, but also help create the myth of the Black Continent. The phrase itself was actually popularized by British explorer Henry M. Stanley, who with an eye for business development called one of his accounts “The Dark Land,” and the other, “The Darkest Africa.” However, Stanley recalled that before leaving his job, he had read more than 130 books about Africa.

Imperialism and the Two
Imperialism was universal in the hearts of western businessmen in the 19th century, but there was a subtle difference between the imperialist need for African resources compared to other parts of the world. That did not make him cruel.

Most empire-building begins with trade recognition and commercial profits that can be accumulated. In the case of Africa, the continent as a whole was connected to three goals: the spirit of entertainment (and the white supremacy that white people had for Africa and its people and the resources they could seek and exploit), the desire to help “develop the indigenous people”. in Africa) and the hope of ending the slave trade. Writers such as H. Ryder Haggard, Joseph Conrad, and Rudyard Kipling immersed themselves in the image of love and racism of the area that needed to be preserved by the strong (and white) men of the journey.

Two distinct elements were established in this victory: darkness against light and Africa against the West. Europeans concluded that the African climate invited depression and physical disability. They thought of forests as common and full of animals; where crocodiles lurk in the valleys, they are floating in mischief by the great rivers. Europeans believed that accidents, diseases, and death were part of an unknown reality and a strange dream created in the minds of armchair inspectors. The concept of a hostile environment and a place full of disease as it is filled with evil is made up of stories coined by Joseph Conrad and W. Somerset Maugham.

18th-Century Black Activists and Missionaries
In the late 1700s, black British destroyers of the 18th century campaigned hard against the practice of slavery in England. They published tracts describing horrific atrocities and cruelty in the fields. One of the most famous photographs shows a black man in chains asking “Am I not a man and my brother?”

When the British Empire ended its enslavement in 1833, however, Black activists reversed their efforts against the practice within Africa. In the colonies, the British were also frustrated that the enslaved people did not want to continue working in the fields to earn the lowest wages. In retaliation, the British portrayed African men not as men, but as lazy, criminal, or wicked traffickers in slavery.

At the same time, the missionaries began traveling to Africa. Their goal: to convert as many Africans as possible to Christianity – by losing the existing African religion, culture, and traditions. The people of Africa had built their own culture, their own culture, and their knowledge, especially of their country and nature. The cultural abolition perpetrated by European Christian missionaries caused great damage for generations, while also trying to distance Africans from their homelands – leaving them at greater risk of injury and exploitation of imperialist interests.

When decades later the missionaries still had a few converts in many places, they began to realize that the hearts of the African people were inaccessible, “locked in darkness.” Instead of acknowledging why Africans might not allow their history, culture, and religion to be taken from the outside, the missionaries pursued a more casual approach: revenge. They portrayed the African people as “very different” from the West and trapped in the “saving light” of Christianity, continuing to spread indirect and deep-seated ideas and prejudices against Africa and its people.

Heart of Darkness
Africa was seen by explorers as a dark and exciting place of darkness, a place that could only be cured by the direct application of Christianity and, of course, capitalism. Geologist Lucy Jarosz vividly describes this unspoken belief: Africa was regarded as “the first organization, reptiles, reptiles, or females to be tamed, enlightened, directed, opened and stabbed by white European men by western science, Christianity, civilization, commerce, commerce, and trade. . ”

In fact, Africans have been gaining huge advantages in various fields for thousands of years – often before Europeans did. Ancient African cultures were responsible for developing all mathematical systems, planning the day and making calendars, traveling to South America and Asia long before Europeans did so, and developing tools and methods that even surpass even Roman technology. Africa was once its home

Why Africa Called The Dark Continent

The Dark Continent Africa

The word Darkness on the Dark Continent is used to mean ambiguous. The Black Continent was so named because it had never been seen by Europeans and because of the brutality expected to be experienced on the continent.

Full answer: The term Black Continent was used to refer to Africa by British explorer Henry M. Stanley in his book. He used the word to create an unmistakable attraction for his book in order to sell more books. However, the term was introduced into European culture as a way of referring to Africa as a pure, wild, and cruel place. In this way by degrading the continent, the colonial rulers justified their cruel acts to the people of the continent. Thus, the term changed its meaning to refer to the African people as evil or enlightened. The term is also used in the context of racism and has recently become commonplace.

Note: Africa is the second-largest and most populous continent in the world, following Asia. With an area of ​​about 30.3 billion sq. Km. km (11.7 million miles) including the nearby islands, covers 6% of the Earth’s surface and 20% of the earth’s surface. With a population of 1.3 billion, it contains a total of 16% of the world’s population. The African population is the smallest population on any continent. The median age in Africa in 2012 was almost 19.7, while the median age worldwide was 30.4. Aside from having a wide variety of natural resources, Africa is a slightly richer continent than any other person in the world.

Which is the Dark Continent

The Dark Continent Africa

Africa is known as the “Black Continent” because it remained untested for a long time.

  • The factors that made it difficult for an explorer to enter the African continent were:
  • The largest desert in the world, the Sahara Desert served as a natural barrier for European explorers.
  • Africa had only a few natural harbors that made it difficult for Europeans to sail to land.
  • Much of Africa is made up of plains rising from the coast, making it difficult for immigrants to reach the interior.
  • The rivers of Africa as they approach the sea, form high waterfalls. As a result, rivers could not be used or entered the continent.
  • In addition, the hot, humid climate and dense jungles make the African climate unpredictable.

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